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Writing an Argumentative Essay: Steps to Follow

The goal of writing an argumentative essay is to make your position on a given topic crystal clear while presenting strong evidence supporting the position. Consider it a debate on paper; by the end of the essay you want to make sure the audience can understand your argument. These essays require extensive research and need to be written in a way that is creative and completely fluid.

Steps to Writing an Argumentative Essay

While it is true that most essay writing follows a certain format, the steps to writing an argumentative essay are a bit different than the rest. Some areas will require more time to focus on than others. Here are the steps you should follow when writing an argumentative essay.

  1. Pick a topic you have a clear stance on. This is important because if you are writing about a topic where you have no clear opinion it will make it harder to create a clear and concise body. You may end up going back and forth between arguments and not even realize it.
  2. Make an outline in support of the argument. This is one of those areas mentioned that will require more time to work on. Your outline doesn’t have to be anything special or fancy; it just needs to make sense to you. In your outline, make sure you touch on various points that make your argument legit. You may even be able to break these down even more during the thinking process.
  3. Make an outline against the argument. An effective writer will be able to state the opposing argument, give evidence for it, and then refute it with their own argument. The same way you did an outline for your side, do one for the other side.
  4. Do your research. It is important to show facts, statistics, and logical reasons for your side of the argument. Use the same rule when reflecting on the opposing argument.
  5. Write your essay. A strong argumentative essay will start with an introduction stating a clear argument. The paragraphs in the body will cover various strong points in support of the argument and include your research data. The last paragraph should talk about the opposing argument and include facts as well. The conclusion will wrap up the essay and reiterate the original argument while including a few supporting facts. Make sure to remain a bit creative and let the essay flow naturally.